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John F. Manning

John F. Manning
Manning in 2009
Provost of Harvard University
Assumed office
March 14, 2024
Preceded byAlan Garber
13th Dean of Harvard Law School
Assumed office
July 1, 2017
PresidentDrew Faust
Lawrence Bacow
Claudine Gay
Alan Garber
Preceded byMartha Minow
Personal details
Born (1961-04-11) April 11, 1961 (age 63)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
EducationHarvard University (BA, JD)

John Francis Manning (born April 11, 1961) is an American legal scholar who serves as the 13th Dean of Harvard Law School. On March 14, 2024, Manning was appointed as the interim provost of Harvard University, and is on a leave of absence from his deanship.[1][2] He was previously the Bruce Bromley Professor of Law at Harvard Law School (HLS), where he is a scholar of administrative and constitutional law.

Manning received his undergraduate and legal education at Harvard University. After clerking for Judge Robert Bork and Justice Antonin Scalia, he was named the Michael I. Sovern Professor of Law at Columbia University. Manning moved to Harvard Law in 2002, becoming its deputy-dean, and assumed the deanship on July 1, 2017, succeeding Martha Minow.

Early life and education

Manning was born on April 11, 1961, in Los Angeles, California.[3] He is Jewish.[4] He matriculated at Harvard College, where he was a resident of Quincy House,[5] as a history major. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), summa cum laude, in 1982 with membership in Phi Beta Kappa.[6][7] He was the first member of his family to graduate college.[4]

Manning attended Harvard Law School afterwards, graduating in 1985 and obtaining his Juris Doctor (J.D.), magna cum laude.[8] Following law school, he served as a law clerk to Judge Robert Bork at the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 1985 to 1986.[9][10]

From 1986 to 1988, Manning was an attorney-advisor at the Office of Legal Counsel of the U.S. Department of Justice. He left to clerk for Justice Antonin Scalia at the Supreme Court of the United States during the 1988–1989 term.[9][11] He was admitted to the bar of Pennsylvania in 1986, and to the bar of California in 1990.[3]

Academic career

In 1989, Manning became an associate attorney at the law firm of Gibson Dunn in Washington, D.C. He left the firm to serve as an assistant to the Solicitor General of the United States at the Justice Department from 1991 until 1994,[12] when he began teaching at Columbia Law School, becoming the school's Michael I. Sovern Professor of Law.[13]

Manning became a visiting professor at Harvard Law School in 2002, and was named a professor there in 2004.[14] He was invited to join the law school by dean Elena Kagan as part of an effort to increase conservative members of the faculty.[10] Manning's hiring came among a new series of public legal scholars, also including Jack Goldsmith and Adrian Vermeule.[15] He received the school's appointment as its Bruce Bromley Professor of Law in 2007 and remained in that capacity until 2017.[13] In 2013, he became the deputy-dean of Harvard Law School.[10] After the University of Arizona's James E. Rogers College of Law began accepting Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) results for student admission in 2016, Manning influenced Harvard Law's decision to also accept the GRE for admission, which the school announced in March 2017.[11]

Martha Minow, the 12th dean of HLS, announced her intention to retire from the deanship on January 5, 2017, at the end of the academic year.[16][17] After a selection process conducted by Harvard president Drew Gilpin Faust and a faculty committee, it was announced on June 1, 2017, that Manning would serve as the next Dean of Harvard Law School.[5] He assumed the position on July 1, 2017.[18] His appointment to the role as Minow's successor was praised by former dean Elena Kagan, who had become an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.[11] It was also endorsed by Danielle Allen, director of the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, and Judge David J. Barron of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.[19] Affinity groups on campus had opposed Manning's appointment, and they instead supported David B. Wilkins.[10][20]

Manning is an authority in administrative law and structural constitutional law,[11] and has argued nine cases before the Supreme Court.[11] Manning is also an expert on issues concerning separation of powers.[21] He teaches administrative law, federal courts, legislation and regulation, separation of powers, and statutory interpretation.[13] He was the co-editor of two notable casebooks: Hart and Wechsler’s Federal Courts and the Federal System[a] as well as Legislation and Regulation.[19][b] Manning's scholarship persuaded Justice Antonin Scalia to reconsider his majority opinion in Auer v. Robbins (1997).[22]

Manning was considered as a possible candidate by the Harvard Corporation to be President of Harvard University, though ultimately the position went to Claudine Gay instead.[23] On March 1, 2024, Harvard interim president Alan Garber announced that Manning would serve as the university's interim provost beginning on March 14, with John C. P. Goldberg taking Manning's place as acting dean.[2]

Awards and honors

Manning has received the American Bar Association's Award for Scholarship in Administrative Law, and won twice the Willis Reese Prize for Excellence in Teaching of Columbia University.[19] On April 30, 2013, Manning was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[24] He was elected as a member of the American Law Institute on August 1, 2018.[13]

Selected works

See also


  1. ^ Manning was editor of the 6th edition, 2009, with Richard H. Fallon Jr., Daniel Meltzer, and David I. Shapiro.[13]
  2. ^ Manning was editor of the 2nd edition, 2013, of Legislation and Regulation with Matthew C. Stephenson.[13]


  1. ^ Healey, S. Mac; Sundar, Saketh (March 6, 2024). "Who is John Manning? Meet Harvard's New Conservative Interim Provost". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  2. ^ a b Haidar, Emma H.; Kettles, Cam E. (March 1, 2024). "Harvard Law School Dean John Manning '82 Named Interim Provost by Garber". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved March 2, 2024.
  3. ^ a b The Martindale-Hubbell Law Directory. Martindale-Hubbell Law Directory, Incorporated. 2000. ISBN 978-1-56160-399-2.
  4. ^ a b Healey, S. Mac; Sundar, Saketh (March 22, 2024). "Interim Harvard Provost John Manning '82 Says He Will Return to HLS. His Colleagues Aren't So Sure". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved March 22, 2024. He is Jewish at a time when the University is defending itself against accusations that antisemitism is running rampant on campus. Manning was also the first person in his family to graduate college and attend law school.
  5. ^ a b Halper, Jamie D. (June 1, 2017). "Manning, Professor and Constitutional Law Scholar, Named Law School Dean". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  6. ^ "The Letter and Spirit of the Constitution" (PDF). James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions. Princeton University. September 20, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  7. ^ "John F. Manning". Law School Professor, Student, and Faculty Directory. Justia. 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  8. ^ "Attorney General Ashcroft Welcomes White House Nominee for Assistant Attorney General of the Office of Legal Counsel". United States Department of Justice. March 29, 2001. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  9. ^ a b "John F. Manning: Morgan and Helen Chu Dean and Professor of Law". Harvard Law School. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  10. ^ a b c d Halper, Jamie D. (November 8, 2017). "A Dean for the Third Century". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  11. ^ a b c d e Olson, Elizabeth (June 1, 2017). "Harvard Law School Names John Manning Its Next Dean". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  12. ^ "President Bush to Nominate Six Individuals to Serve in His Administration". March 29, 2001. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Perkins, Christine (August 1, 2018). "Manning elected to American Law Institute". Harvard Law Today. Harvard Law School. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  14. ^ "'Without the Pretense of Legislative Intent': John Manning delivers Scalia lecture". Harvard Law Today. Harvard Law School. March 13, 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  15. ^ Bennett, Drake (October 19, 2008). "Crimson tide: Harvard Law School, long fractious and underachieving, is on the rise again — and shaking up the American legal world". The Boston Globe. pp. 59–60. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  16. ^ Sullivan, Casey (January 3, 2017). "Martha Minow to Step Down as Dean From Harvard Law". Bloomberg Law. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  17. ^ Gershman, Jacob (January 4, 2017). "Harvard Law School Plans Search for New Dean". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  18. ^ Rosenberg, John S. (July 1, 2017). "John Manning Appointed Dean of Harvard Law School: The faculty member succeeds Martha Minow". Harvard Magazine. Harvard University. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  19. ^ a b c "John Manning to lead Harvard Law School: Prominent constitutional scholar to become next dean starting in July". The Harvard Gazette. June 1, 2017. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  20. ^ Mystal, Elie (June 1, 2017). "John Manning Named New Dean Of Harvard Law School, White Men Rejoice". Above the Law. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  21. ^ Gerstein, Josh (March 10, 2005). "As Harvard Seeks a President, Dean Kagan's Star Is Rising". The New York Sun. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
  22. ^ Adler, Jonathan H. (October 23, 2021). "Professor John Manning tapped to lead Harvard Law School". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 13, 2024.
  23. ^ Haidar, Emma H.; Kettles, Cam E. (February 23, 2024). "Harvard Corporation Did Not Review Claudine Gay's Scholarship in Presidential Search". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved March 2, 2024.
  24. ^ "Manning elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences". Harvard Law Today. Harvard Law School. April 30, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2017.

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Preceded by Dean of Harvard Law School

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